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Citing Your Sources - APA Style: Reference List

Reference List

There are many more specific guidelines that you must follow to comply with APA style, so be sure to consult either the Concise Rules of APA Style, the official pocket style guide from the APA, or the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2010). Both of these books are available at the Sawyer Reference Desk.
That being said, here are a few basic guidelines:
  • References cited in-text must be in the reference list and vice versa.
  • An APA style reference generally includes the author, year of publication, title, and publishing data.
  • References are listed alphabetically by the first author’s surname or by title if there is no author.
  • Invert all authors’ names using surname and initials for up to and including 7 authors. When there are 8 or more authors, include the first 6 authors' names, insert 3 ellipses, and add the last author's name.
  • Indent all lines after the first line of each entry in your reference list one-half inch from the left margin.
  • Periodical (e.g. journal, magazine) titles are italicized and upper and lower case letters are used.
  • For an online periodical article, include the DOI (a unique alphanumeric string that provides a persistent link to its location on the Internet) when available. No further retrieval information is needed. If no DOI is available, give the home page URL of the journal.

Journal Article with DOI
Kalmanowitz, D., & Potash, J. (2010). Ethical considerations in the global teaching and promotion of art therapy to non-art therapists.
The Arts in Psychotherapy, 37(1), 20-26. doi:10.1016/j.aip.2009.11.002

Journal Article when no DOI available
Koren, S. (2009). The “One-Woman Lobby on Anything and Everything": Discovering the Other Side of Dorothy Rodgers.
Women in Judaism: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 6(1). Retrieved from

Newspaper Article
Rabin, R. C. (2010, August 10). Internet Use Tied to Depression in Youths. The New York Times, p. D6.

Dutta, S. (1975). Affect and memory : a reformulation. Oxford, England: Pergamon Press.

Chapter in a Book
Tarrant, S. (2009). Man up : getting involved in feminist action. In Men and feminism (pp. 89-117). Berkeley, CA: Seal Press.

Electronic Version of Print Book
Adsit, T. L. (2010). Cutting costs and generating revenue in education. Retrieved from http://0-

Encyclopedia Article
Lefcourt, H. M. (2000) Locus of control. In A. E. Kazdin (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Psychology (Vol. 5, pp.69-70).
Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

Entry in an Online Reference Work
Waskey, A. J. (2008). Genes and Gene Therapy. In Y. Zhang (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Global Health (pp.714-17). Thousand Oaks, CA:
SAGE. Retrieved from

Review of a Book
Penn, L. S. (2009, December). [Review of the book Attachment, play, and authenticity: A Winnicott primer, by S. Tuber].
Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 46, 500-501. doi:10.1037/cp2007_2_125.

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