Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

INTO AE 065 - Spring 2022: Levels of Scholarship

How to Recognize a Scholarly Article

Scholarly vs. Popular

Scholarly Articles (Journals)

  • Are written by and for scholars or researchers (ex.: historians, doctors, biologists.)
  • Include a list of references, or works cited page.
  • Are often refereed or peer reviewed (reviewed by editors and/or other experts before publication).

Popular Articles (Magazines & Newspapers)

  • Are written by journalists or freelance writers for a general audience.
  • Rarely provide references.
  • Written for the general public.

The terms Refereed, Peer Reviewed, Academic, and Scholarly are often used interchangeably.

To be published in a peer reviewed (or refereed) journal, the article must be read and approved by other scholars in that field of study. For more on how to distinguish a scholarly journal from a popular magazine, see the Sawyer Library guide: Peer Review and Primary Literature: An Introduction.