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Are written by and for scholars or researchers (ex.: historians, doctors, biologists.)
Include a list of references, or works cited page.
Are often refereed or peer reviewed (reviewed by editors and/or other experts before publication).
Popular Articles (Magazines & Newspapers)
Are written by journalists or freelance writers for a general audience.
Rarely provide references.
Written for the general public.
The terms Refereed, Peer Reviewed, Academic, and Scholarly are often used interchangeably.
To be published in a peer reviewed (or refereed) journal, the article must be read and approved by other scholars in that field of study. For more on how to distinguish a scholarly journal from a popular magazine, see the Sawyer Library guide: Peer Review and Primary Literature: An Introduction.